They hired hunters to keep down the deer population .
number of people in a geographic area, inhabitants, residents, people, citizens, citizenry, public, community
جمعیت، ساکنین یک منطقه، افراد یک شهر یا کشور
( Test )
The result would have been the disappearance, in a few years, of malaria, and the gradual population of the area.
Source: The Roman Question
In this sentence, population means: